Legalization of Documents in Every Country

Before a public document can be used in a foreign country, the origin and authenticity of the original document must be confirmed. This is called legalization and is the process of certifying an official document by an appropriate public authority so a foreign country’s legal system will recognize it as valid and with full legal effect. There are two ways of legalising documents: Apostille and Authentication.

Parties to the Hague Convention of 5th October 1961 enjoy the mutual recognition of public documents. In Australia, which is a signatory to the Hague Convention, an Apostille stamp is placed on the document by the Notarial Unit of the Department of Foreign Affairs to confirm that a document, such as birth or marriage record or a notarised document is an authentic document.

For states that have not signed the Convention, documents must be certified by a notary public, submitted to the Department of Foreign Affairs and finally, certified by the Consulate of the destination country before having a legal effect in the receiving country.

Polaron provides the legalisation service, including the translation and certification of documents for use in the jurisdiction required, as follows:

  • Analysing the documents to be legalized
  • Ascertaining who should authenticate the documents in view of the originating and destination countries
  • NAATI certified translation
  • Notarial certification
  • Apostille
  • Consular authentication

This version is correct as of April 2019

CountryType of legalisation required
AfghanistanConsular authentication
AlbaniaApostille
AlgeriaConsular authentication
AndorraApostille
AngolaConsular authentication
Antigua and BarbudaApostille
ArgentinaApostille
ArmeniaApostille
AustraliaApostille
AustriaApostille
AzerbeijanApostille
The BahamasApostille
BahrainApostille
BangladeshConsular authentication
BarbadosApostille
BelarusApostille
BelgiumApostille
BelizeApostille
BeninConsular authentication
BhutanConsular authentication
BiokoConsular authentication
BoliviaApostille
Bosnia and HerzegovinaApostille
BotswanaApostille
BrazilApostille
Brunei DarussalamApostille
BulgariaApostille
Burkina FasoBulgariaConsular authentication
BurundiApostille
CambodiaConsular authentication
CameroonConsular authentication
CanadaConsular authentication
Canary IslandsApostille
Cape VerdeApostille
Central African RepublicConsular authentication
ChileApostille
ChinaApostille
Cook IslandsApostille
ColombiaApostille
ComorosConsular authentication
CongoConsular authentication
Costa RicaApostille
CroatiaApostille
CubaConsular authentication
CyprusApostille
Czech RepublicApostille
DenmarkApostille
DjiboutiConsular authentication
Dominica Apostille
Dominican republicApostille
East TimorConsular authentication
EcuadorApostille
EgyptConsular authentication
El SalvadorApostille
Equatorial GuineaConsular authentication
EritreaConsular authentication
EstoniaApostille
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)Apostille
EthiopiaConsular authentication
Falklands (United Kingdom)Apostille
FijiApostille
FinlandApostille
FranceApostille
French-Guyana (France)Apostille
GabonConsular authentication
GambiaConsular authentication
GeorgiaApostille
GermanyApostille
GhanaConsular authentication
Gibraltar (United Kingdom)Apostille
GreeceApostille
GrenadaApostille
GuatemalaApostille
Guinea BissauConsular authentication
Guinea RepublicConsular authentication
GuyanaApostille
HaitiConsular authentication
Holy seeConsular authentication
HondurasApostille
Hong KongApostille
HungaryApostille
IcelandApostille
IndiaApostille
IndonesiaConsular authentication
IranConsular authentication
IraqConsular authentication
IrelandApostille
IsraelApostille
ItalyApostille
Ivory CoastConsular authentication
JamaicaConsular authentication
JapanApostille
JordanConsular authentication
KazakhstanApostille
KenyaConsular authentication
KiribatiConsular authentication
KoreaApostille
KosovoApostille
KuwaitConsular authentication
KyrgyzstanApostille
LaosConsular authentication
LatviaApostille
LebanonConsular authentication
LesothoApostille
LiberiaApostille
LibyaConsular authentication
LiechtensteinApostille
LithuaniaApostille
LuxembourgApostille
Macedonia (FYR)Apostille
MadagascarConsular authentication
MalawiApostille
MalaysiaConsular authentication
MaldiveConsular authentication
Mali Rep.Consular authentication
MaltaApostille
Marshall IslandsApostille
MauritaniaConsular authentication
MauritiusApostille
Mayotte (France)Apostille
MexicoApostille
MicronesiaConsular authentication
MoldovaApostille
MonacoApostille
MongoliaApostille
MontenegroApostille
MoroccoConsular authentication
MozambiqueConsular authentication
MyanmarApostille
NamibiaApostille
NauruConsular authentication
NepalConsular authentication
NetherlandsApostille
New ZealandApostille
Ngwane (United Kingdom)Apostille
NicaraguaApostille
Niger Rep.Consular authentication
NigeriaConsular authentication
NiueApostille
NorwayApostille
OmanApostille
PakistanConsular authentication
PalauConsular authentication
Palestinian TerritoriesConsular authentication
PanamaApostille
Papua New GuineaConsular authentication
ParaguayConsular authentication
PeruApostille
PhilippinesApostille
PolandApostille
PortugalApostille
QatarConsular authentication
Reunion (France)Apostille
RomaniaApostille
RussiaApostille
RwandaConsular authentication
Saint Helena (United Kingdom)Apostille
Saints Kitts and NevisApostille
Saint LuciaApostille
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesApostille
SamoaApostille
San MarinoApostille
São Tomé and PríncipeApostille
Saudi ArabiaConsular authentication
SenegalConsular authentication
SerbiaApostille
SeychellesApostille
Sierra LeoneConsular authentication
SingaporeConsular authentication
SlovakiaApostille
SloveniaApostille
Solomon IslandsConsular authentication
SomaliaConsular authentication
South AfricaApostille
SpainApostille
Sri LankaConsular authentication
SudanConsular authentication
SurinameApostille
SwedenApostille
SwitzerlandApostille
SyriaConsular authentication
TajikistanApostille
TaiwanConsular authentication
TanzaniaConsular authentication
ThailandConsular authentication
TongaApostille
Trinidad and TobagoApostille
TunisiaConsular authentication
TurkeyApostille
TurkmenistanConsular authentication
TuvaluConsular authentication
UgandaConsular authentication
UkraineApostille
United Arab EmiratesConsular authentication
UruguayConsular authentication
United kingdom (Great Britain)Apostille
United States of AmericaApostille
UzbekistanApostille
VanuatuApostille
VenezuelaApostille
VietnamConsular authentication
Western SaharaConsular authentication
YemenConsular authentication
ZambiaConsular authentication
ZimbabweConsular authentication

Want to know more? Please contact us at citizenship@polaron.com.au

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