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Prof. Adamski knows all there is to know about Polish citizenship, passports and genealogy. He works around the clock to give you detailed and personalised answers to your questions. Want to know more about your family and their journey from Poland? Leave your questions down below and you might be surprised about what he can uncover!

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655 questions and answers

  1. Hello Prof. Adamski,

    I am wondering if I might have a claim to Polish Citizenship through my grand father. He and his father (my great grandfather) immigrated to Canada in 1912. His mother and siblings came later after the end of WWI in 1921. My grandfather lived in Toronto, Canada until his passing in 1976 (I was born in 1970). Additionally, my father passed away in 1999 – not sure if that affects my ability to claim Polish Citizenship if I qualify through my grandfather. My concern is that my grandfather left prior to 1920 but not sure if that impacts my ability to apply for Polish Citizenship. Please let me know your thoughts when you have a chance. Thank you.

  2. Hello, Professor Adamski. I am the daughter of Polish immigrants. I reside in the United States and I am pursuing dual Polish citizenship for both myself and my sixteen year old son. I have a question to which I have not been able to locate a definitive answer.

    Once dual citizenship is attained, could my son attend a university in Poland or another EU country at the residency rate or would he have to pay a higher rate because he resides in the United States? If you are unable to answer this question, where might I find an answer?

    Thank you for consideration of my question. Have a wonderful day.


  3. Hello,

    My great grandfather left Austria in 1909 and came to the United States to escape from Jewish persecution. My father is interested to know if he would be able to obtain Austrian citizenship as there was a male child born from my great grandfather down to my father.

  4. Prof. Adamski,
    My grandparents arrived in Brazil in the final of century XIX (1890). They entry in Brazil like russians.
    I can get citizenship of Poland?
    Carlos Golembiewski

  5. My grandfather was born in what is now part of Poland and emigrated to the United States. Can I get a Polish passport based on my heritage?

  6. My grandmother was born in 1913 in Galicia, in what is current day Poland. Her father served in the military during WWI, I believe he went to Italy. I don’t have the date they came to the U.S. Her father naturalized in 1927, and she gained status through him. Would I qualify for ancestry under the 1920 Act?

  7. Dear Prof. Adamski,
    My paternal grandparents emigrated from Poland to the USA prior to WWI.
    However, my paternal great-grandparents stayed until the early 1920s.
    Is it possible for me to get decendancy Polish citizenship thru my great-grandparents?
    Thank you,

    1. Hello Mark,

      Thank you for your question!

      Based on the information you have provided, I would say that it is certainly possible that you could be eligible for Polish citizenship through confirmation.

      That being said, we would have to look into your case in a bit more detail to make sure that none of your ancestors lost their Polish citizenship along the way to you. This could happen due to a number of reasons including naturalisation, foreign army service and/or marriage.

      If it turns out that you are not eligible for Polish citizenship through confirmation, there are also a number of other options to help get you on your way to Polish citizenship and an EU passport.

      If you would like a more comprehensive analysis of your case, please feel free to book an appointment with one of our EU citizenship experts here to get the process started:

      Yours truly,

      Prof. Adamski

  8. Hi Polaron Team,

    I’m writing to enquire about citizenship through my ancestors — my father’s grandparents are all from various towns/cities in what was then Austria-Hungary (and later Czechoslovakia). I’ve reached out to the Czech citizenship team who deemed me ineligible, considering that Czechoslovakia wasn’t created until 1918 and my family left around 1910. I’m wondering if there are any other countries I can claim citizenship through based on my ancestry and the timing — the towns that they are from are now in modern-day Slovakia and Hungary.

    I have extensive genealogy information if needed!

    Thanks so much in advance!

    1. Hello Cam,

      Thank you for your question.

      Unfortunately, our Czech citizenship team would be correct in their assessment of your case. As your ancestors left Czechoslovakia prior to 1918, you are not eligible for confirmation of citizenship through descent.

      There is another option you may be interested in is naturalisation. Although Polaron doesn’t currently offer this as a service, you can read more about it here to see if it is the right option for you:

      Yours truly,

      Prof. Adamski

  9. My paternal great-grandfather appears to have been born in Celje in 1884 and described himself on official documents as Austrian. He emigrated to the US in 1910 and bore a son (my paternal grandfather) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA in 1913 before becoming a naturalized US citizen (which is unclear if he ever did become naturalized). So even though he was born in the US, I assume my paternal grandfather was Slovenian/Austrian by jus sanguinis.

    I was born in 1968 and given up for adoption, but reconnected with my birth family in 1994 and learned about my personal biological history which can all be verified.

    I’m curious if I might be eligible to apply for Slovenian citizenship given my unique circumstances, and what documents I would need to apply?

    1. Hello Sean,

      Based on the information you have provided, you might be eligible to apply for Slovenian citizenship, but you need to show links to Slovenia and Slovenian diaspora. Feel free to reach out to

      Yours truly,

      Prof. Adamski

  10. Hi Professor Adamski,

    I have (maternal) grandparents that emigrated to the United States from Germany in 1872, had a child within 2 years, presumably prior to naturalizing (we are unable to find any record of this, but we do know that as of the 1910 USA census he was a naturalized citizen).

    The real question in this all however, is, since this was prior to 1914, when the rule that only citizenship via the father was passed down seems to have been put in place, would we be disqualified because this was passed down the maternal line or is does this not apply because their non-naturalized children were born in the USA prior to 1914, around 1872-1874?

    1. Hello Austin,

      Unfortunately, it’s unlikely that you’re eligible for confirmation of German citizenship as your family left Germany many decades ago. Until 1914, all German citizens residing abroad were required to either travel back to Germany or register with their local German consulate at least every ten years. Otherwise, they automatically lost their German citizenship. Therefore, unless your ancestors travelled back to Germany or registered with the consulate, they did not pass their German citizenship onto their descendants, including you.

      In addition, the German government would require proof of these actions (such as ship / passenger lists or registration lists from the German consulate) for your citizenship application to be successful.

      Yours truly,

      Prof. Adamski

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