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Prof. Adamski knows all there is to know about Polish citizenship, passports and genealogy. He works around the clock to give you detailed and personalised answers to your questions. Want to know more about your family and their journey from Poland? Leave your questions down below and you might be surprised about what he can uncover!

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527 questions and answers

  1. My late father was born in Poland. He came to Scotland during WW11. If I qualify for a Polish passport, would my spouse qualify for a Polish passport too ?

    1. Hello Peter,

      Thank you for your question.

      Currently, Polish citizenship cannot be passed on through marriage. So, your spouse would not be eligible, unless they have their own EU heritage.

      As an EU citizen, though, your spouse will be entitled to the same rights as you within the EU, as long as you remain married. Here is some more information:

      Yours truly,

      Prof. Adamski

  2. My grandmother who was born in Poland was naturalised to become a British citizen before I was born – I don’t know if she gave up her Polish passport. Am I eligible for a Polish passport?
    Thank you

  3. Dear Prof Adamski,
    I am struggling to have confidence in an answer on this matter so am checking with you. My great-grandfather was born in 1892 in Tarnow and I have his birth records. He left for France before 1907 and came to the United States in 1907. Although he did return to Poland for a period, he then came back to the United States for the last (final) time in 1914. His father lived in Tarnow until his death in 1930.

    I think from reading another message that because my great grandfather was in the US before 1920 as an adult, the fact that his father remained in Poland until 1930 is irrelevant?

    I can’t recall if in the US my great grandfather was naturalized but if he was, is there any age where it is negated by the “of military age” clause?

    So appreciative of any feedback you may have!

    1. Hello James,

      Thank you for your query,

      You are correct in assuming that because your great grandfather was in the US before 1920 as an adult, the fact that his father remained in Poland until the 1930s is irrelevant.

      The main impediment would be the fact that your great-grand father was outside of Poland in 1920, when the first laws on citizenship were enacted. This means that he most likely was unable to take the advantage of the laws enabling him to “become” a Polish citizen. Is there any chance at all he registered with his local Polish consulate in 1920?

      I hope this answers some of your questions.

      Yours Truly,

      Prof. Adamski

  4. Hi Professor,

    My grandparents fled the Czech Republic in 1939 to escape German persecution. My great grandparents stayed and unfortunately did not survive. They once ran a well known printing factory in Olomouc which was then taken over by the Nazis. More can be found about them here : and here

    Would I be eligible for a Czech passport by descent?



    1. Hello Sophie,

      Thank you for your inquiry.

      From my understanding you would have a great chance of obtaining Czech citizenship, however it is difficult to just from this information alone. Some further information such as date of birth, parent’s citizenship and country of naturalization would be needed. You can contact Polaron at if you would like to pursue this further.

      Yours Truly,

      Professor Adamski

  5. Dear Prof. Adamski,
    Can you confirm if becoming a schoolteacher in an English school caused automatic loss of citizenship or did “Military Paradox ” over ride this ?
    My grandfather was born in Mogilno, Poland in 1906. He was a teacher there but fled to UK in 1940 and served in the Polish Free Army. He did not transfer to the British army.
    He married an Scottish woman in a Catholic church in 1942.
    My mother was born in Edinburgh in 1943 and her birth was registered at the Polish forces HQ in Edinburgh at that time.
    My grandfather demobbed in 1948 and entered Catholic teacher training college in London. He became a teacher in a London Catholic school and was naturalised as a British citizen in 1950.
    We do not know if we can claim citizenship by descent. We thought it was possible as he was of Polish military service age before 1951. But he was a teacher in an English Catholic school, so does that claim become invalid?
    Thank you, from David

    1. Hello David,

      Thank you for your question,

      Being a school teacher may cause loss of citizenship because it may be considered public service. If you get into contact with Polaron, we have had a history of handling cases such as this successfully.
      Yours Truly,

      Prof. Adamski

  6. My father was born 1920 in Poland. Immigrated with his parents to Canada in 1930. Looks like his parents held Polish passports when they left Poland. His parents were naturalized in Canada in 1937 He himself naturalized in 1965. I was born in Canada in 1959. Would I qualify for polish citizenship?

  7. My grandfathers United States naturalization certificate says Austria Poland. How do I find out where he is from so I can maybe get EU passport?

  8. My great grandfather was born in Zalishchky in 1898 and emigrated to the US in 1901 with his family. All their emigration documents including their ship manifest record their place of birth being Austria. It does not appear like he acquired citizenship in America until the 1930s, so I’m unsure if he was automatically a polish citizen (or Ukrainian based on that village he was born in) since he wasn’t an American until the 30s.

    In this case, would this mean my father (and by extension, me) would be eligible for polish citizenship? As far as I know, he never returned to Europe after they left. The other challenge is I cannot find any documentation from europe that lists his birth or his siblings births, but I have to imagine they may exist?

  9. Hello,

    My grandfather was born in Galicia in 1898 and emigrated to the US in 1901 with the rest of his family, who came from Galicia. On all US-based documents, they list their home country as Austria and I have the ship manifest that they came on with all names. I’ve had trouble finding polish or austrian documents to verify their births or their parent’s marriage in a quest to acquire citizenship by descent. All I know is that he became a naturalized US citizen by 1934, so I assume that entire time he had to maintain his former citizenship or update it to Polish after WWI. In this instance, given that it’s been difficult to track down the documentation, is this something that would be a potential route to citizenship? Or is the likelihood those documents don’t exist anymore and this is unlikely to go anywhere.

    1. Hi Brandon

      Thank you for your question.

      This case most likely qualifies for grant of Polish citizenship because the family left before Poland was re-established as a country. It sounds like they were stateless until 1934 as there was no requirement of holding any citizenship in the US, as long as one was a resident. In fact, some people remained in the US illegally or weren’t able to get citizenship because of lack of English etc. Records that are over 100 years old are kept in archives. If the place is now Poland, it’ll be in Poland, otherwise in Austria.

      Yours Truly,

      Prof. Adamski

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