Major varieties of Chinese

Pŭtōnghuà (Mandarin) 

The main language of government, the media and education in China, Taiwan, and Singapore.

 

Spoken in Shanghai and Hong Kong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces.  

Yuè (Cantonese) 

Spoken in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan Island in China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore and Malaysia.

Mĭn Nán (Southern Min) 

Spoken in the Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Guangdong provinces, Hainan Island, Taiwan and Singapore.

Jìnyŭ 

Spoken in Shanxi, Shanxi and Henan provinces by about 45 million people.

Hakka 

Spoken in south eastern China, parts of Taiwan and in Hong Kong.  

Xiāng (Hunanese) 

Spoken by 25 million people in China in Hunan and Sichuan, Guangxi and Guangdong provinces.

Gàn 

Spoken by 20.5 million people in Jiangxi, Hubei, Anhui, Hunan and Fujian provinces.

Mín Bĕi (Northern Min) 

Mainly spoken in Northern Fujian Province and Singapore. 

Mín Dōng (Eastern Min) 

Spoken in east central Fujian Province and in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore.