Top things you must know about Czech citizenship

Need more information on becoming a Czech citizen? Here we cover important things to know about becoming a Czech Republic citizen: looking into ancestral and naturalization obligations and conditions, requirements relating to dual citizenships, residency, and language and cultural tests.

  • You won’t need to renounce your current citizenship if applying for Czech citizenship.

The Czech government allows dual citizenship since 2013. This means you won’t need to renounce your current citizenship as long as your country allows for dual citizenship.

  • You don’t need to speak Czech if applying for ancestral citizenship

For obtaining ancestral citizenship (i.e. renewal of citizenship by declaration or confirmation of citizenship), you don’t need to speak Czech, and there is no language or cultural test. However, if you are applying for naturalisation in the Czech Republic, you have to speak the language and take a test.

  • Getting a Czech passport takes 30 or 60 days, depending on where you submit your application

Once your Czech citizenship is confirmed:

-It’ll take 30 days to get your passport if your application is submitted in the Czech Republic.

-It’ll take 60 days to get your passport (although the legal deadline is up to 120 days) if you’re residing in a foreign country and submit your passport application to the embassy.

  • You don’t have to live permanently in the Czech Republic to obtain ancestral citizenship.

There is no need to live permanently in the Czech Republic to obtain ancestral citizenship (renewal of citizenship by declaration or confirmation of citizenship).

However, if you’re applying for naturalization in the Czech Republic, you’re required to have lived in the Czech Republic for 2-10 years (the period varies depending on whether you are a citizen of another EU country, whether your spouse is a Czech citizen, etc.).

If you would like to know whether you’re eligible to become a Czech citizen, take our free eligibility test.